Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security Administration with Windows PowerShell (Windows) - Windows security (2023)

  • Article
  • 23 minutes to read
  • Applies to:
    Windows 10, ✅ Windows 11, ✅ Windows Server 2016, ✅ Windows Server 2019, ✅ Windows Server 2022

The Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security Administration with Windows PowerShell Guide provides essential scriptlets for automating Windows Defender Firewall management. It's designed for IT pros, system administrators, IT managers, and others who use and need to automate Windows Defender Firewall management in Windows.

You can use Windows PowerShell to manage your firewall and IPsec deployments. This object-oriented scripting environment will make it easier for you to manage policies and monitor network conditions than was possible in netsh. Windows PowerShell allows network settings to be self-discoverable through the syntax and parameters in each of the cmdlets. This guide demonstrates how common tasks were performed in netsh and how you can use Windows PowerShell to accomplish them.

In future versions of Windows, Microsoft might remove the netsh functionality for Windows Defender Firewall. Microsoft recommends that you transition to Windows PowerShell if you currently use netsh to configure and manage Windows Defender Firewall.

Windows PowerShell and netsh command references are at the following locations.

  • Netsh Commands for Windows Defender Firewall

Scope

This guide doesn't teach you the fundamentals of Windows Defender Firewall, which can be found in Windows Defender Firewall. It doesn't teach the fundamentals of Windows PowerShell, and it assumes that you're familiar with the Windows PowerShell language and the basic concepts of Windows PowerShell. For more info about Windows PowerShell concepts and usage, see the reference topics in the Additional resources section of this guide.

Audience and user requirements

This guide is intended for IT pros, system administrators, and IT managers, and it assumes that you're familiar with Windows Defender Firewall, the Windows PowerShell language, and the basic concepts of Windows PowerShell.

In this topic

SectionDescription
Set profile global defaultsEnable and control firewall behavior
Deploy basic firewall rulesHow to create, modify, and delete firewall rules
Manage RemotelyRemote management by using -CimSession
Deploy basic IPsec rule settingsIPsec rules and associated parameters
Deploy secure firewall rules with IPsecDomain and server isolation
Other resourcesMore information about Windows PowerShell

Set profile global defaults

Global defaults set the device behavior in a per-profile basis. Windows Defender Firewall supports Domain, Private, and Public profiles.

Enable Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security

Windows Defender Firewall drops traffic that doesn't correspond to allowed unsolicited traffic, or traffic that is sent in response to a request by the device. If you find that the rules you create aren't being enforced, you may need to enable Windows Defender Firewall. Here's how to enable Windows Defender Firewall on a local domain device:

Netsh

netsh advfirewall set allprofiles state on

Windows PowerShell

Set-NetFirewallProfile -Profile Domain,Public,Private -Enabled True

Control Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security behavior

The global default settings can be defined through the command-line interface. These modifications are also available through the Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security console.

The following scriptlets set the default inbound and outbound actions, specifies protected network connections, and allows notifications to be displayed to the user when a program is blocked from receiving inbound connections. It allows unicast response to multicast or broadcast network traffic, and it specifies logging settings for troubleshooting.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall set allprofiles firewallpolicy blockinbound,allowoutboundnetsh advfirewall set allprofiles settings inboundusernotification enablenetsh advfirewall set allprofiles settings unicastresponsetomulticast enablenetsh advfirewall set allprofiles logging filename %SystemRoot%\System32\LogFiles\Firewall\pfirewall.log

Windows PowerShell

Set-NetFirewallProfile -DefaultInboundAction Block -DefaultOutboundAction Allow –NotifyOnListen True -AllowUnicastResponseToMulticast True –LogFileName %SystemRoot%\System32\LogFiles\Firewall\pfirewall.log

Disable Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security

Microsoft recommends that you don't disable Windows Defender Firewall because you lose other benefits provided by the service, such as the ability to use Internet Protocol security (IPsec) connection security rules, network protection from attacks that employ network fingerprinting, Windows Service Hardening, and boot time filters.

Disabling Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security can also cause problems, including:

  • Start menu can stop working
  • Modern applications can fail to install or update
  • Activation of Windows via phone fails
  • Application or OS incompatibilities that depend on Windows Defender Firewall

Microsoft recommends disabling Windows Defender Firewall only when installing a third-party firewall, and resetting Windows Defender Firewall back to defaults when the third-party software is disabled or removed.

If disabling Windows Defender Firewall is required, don't disable it by stopping the Windows Defender Firewall service (in the Services snap-in, the display name is Windows Defender Firewall and the service name is MpsSvc).Stopping the Windows Defender Firewall service isn't supported by Microsoft.

Non-Microsoft firewall software can programmatically disable only the parts of Windows Defender Firewall that need to be disabled for compatibility.You shouldn't disable the firewall yourself for this purpose.

The proper method to disable the Windows Defender Firewall is to disable the Windows Defender Firewall Profiles and leave the service running.

Use the following procedure to turn off the firewall, or disable the Group Policy setting Computer Configuration|Administrative Templates|Network|Network Connections|Windows Defender Firewall|Domain Prolfile|Windows Defender Firewall:Protect all network connections.For more information, see Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security deployment guide.

The following example disables Windows Defender Firewall for all profiles.

Set-NetFirewallProfile -Profile Domain,Public,Private -Enabled False

Deploy basic firewall rules

This section provides scriptlet examples for creating, modifying, and deleting firewall rules.

Create firewall rules

Adding a firewall rule in Windows PowerShell looks a lot like it did in Netsh, but the parameters and values are specified differently.

Here's an example of how to allow the Telnet application to listen on the network. This firewall rule is scoped to the local subnet by using a keyword instead of an IP address. Just like in Netsh, the rule is created on the local device, and it becomes effective immediately.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="Allow Inbound Telnet" dir=in program= %SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe remoteip=localsubnet action=allow

Windows PowerShell

New-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName “Allow Inbound Telnet” -Direction Inbound -Program %SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe -RemoteAddress LocalSubnet -Action Allow

The following scriptlet shows how to add a basic firewall rule that blocks outbound traffic from a specific application and local port to a Group Policy Object (GPO) in Active Directory. In Windows PowerShell, the policy store is specified as a parameter within the New-NetFirewall cmdlet. In Netsh, you must first specify the GPO that the commands in a Netsh session should modify. The commands you enter are run against the contents of the GPO, and the execution remains in effect until the Netsh session is ended or until another set store command is executed.

Here, domain.contoso.com is the name of your Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS), and gpo_name is the name of the GPO that you want to modify. Quotation marks are required if there are any spaces in the GPO name.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall set store gpo=domain.contoso.com\gpo_namenetsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="Block Outbound Telnet" dir=out program=%SystemRoot%\System32\telnet.exe protocol=tcp localport=23 action=block

Windows PowerShell

New-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName “Block Outbound Telnet” -Direction Outbound -Program %SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe –Protocol TCP –LocalPort23 -Action Block –PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\gpo_name

GPO Caching

To reduce the burden on busy domain controllers, Windows PowerShell allows you to load a GPO to your local session, make all your changes in that session, and then save it back at all once.

(Video) 61. Configure Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security | Server 2019

The following command performs the same actions as the previous example (by adding a Telnet rule to a GPO), but we do so by applying GPO caching in PowerShell. Changing the GPO by loading it onto your local session and using the -GPOSession parameter aren't supported in Netsh

Windows PowerShell

$gpo = Open-NetGPO –PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\gpo_nameNew-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName “Block Outbound Telnet” -Direction Outbound -Program %SystemRoot%\System32\telnet.exe –Protocol TCP –LocalPort 23 -Action Block –GPOSession $gpoSave-NetGPO –GPOSession $gpo

This command doesn't batch your individual changes, it loads and saves the entire GPO at once. So if any other changes are made by other administrators, or in a different Windows PowerShell window, saving the GPO overwrites those changes.

Modify an existing firewall rule

When a rule is created, Netsh and Windows PowerShell allow you to change rule properties and influence, but the rule maintains its unique identifier (in Windows PowerShell, this identifier is specified with the -Name parameter).

For example, you could have a rule Allow Web 80 that enables TCP port 80 for inbound unsolicited traffic. You can change the rule to match a different remote IP address of a Web server whose traffic will be allowed by specifying the human-readable, localized name of the rule.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall firewall set rule name="Allow Web 80" new remoteip=192.168.0.2

Windows PowerShell

Set-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “Allow Web 80” -RemoteAddress 192.168.0.2

Netsh requires you to provide the name of the rule for it to be changed and we don't have an alternate way of getting the firewall rule. In Windows PowerShell, you can query for the rule using its known properties.

When you run Get-NetFirewallRule, you may notice that common conditions like addresses and ports don't appear. These conditions are represented in separate objects called Filters. As shown before, you can set all the conditions in New-NetFirewallRule and Set-NetFirewallRule. If you want to query for firewall rules based on these fields (ports, addresses, security, interfaces, services), you'll need to get the filter objects themselves.

You can change the remote endpoint of the Allow Web 80 rule (as done previously) using filter objects. Using Windows PowerShell, you query by port using the port filter, then assuming other rules exist affecting the local port, you build with further queries until your desired rule is retrieved.

In the following example, we assume the query returns a single firewall rule, which is then piped to the Set-NetFirewallRule cmdlet utilizing Windows PowerShell’s ability to pipeline inputs.

Windows PowerShell

Get-NetFirewallPortFilter | ?{$_.LocalPort -eq 80} | Get-NetFirewallRule | ?{ $_.Direction –eq “Inbound” -and $_.Action –eq “Allow”} | Set-NetFirewallRule -RemoteAddress 192.168.0.2

You can also query for rules using the wildcard character. The following example returns an array of firewall rules associated with a particular program. The elements of the array can be modified in subsequent Set-NetFirewallRule cmdlets.

Windows PowerShell

Get-NetFirewallApplicationFilter -Program "*svchost*" | Get-NetFirewallRule

Multiple rules in a group can be simultaneously modified when the associated group name is specified in a Set command. You can add firewall rules to specified management groups in order to manage multiple rules that share the same influences.

In the following example, we add both inbound and outbound Telnet firewall rules to the group Telnet Management. In Windows PowerShell, group membership is specified when the rules are first created so we re-create the previous example rules. Adding rules to a custom rule group isn't possible in Netsh.

Windows PowerShell

New-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName “Allow Inbound Telnet” -Direction Inbound -Program %SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe -RemoteAddress LocalSubnet -Action Allow –Group “Telnet Management”New-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName “Block Outbound Telnet” -Direction Outbound -Program %SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe -RemoteAddress LocalSubnet -Action Allow –Group “Telnet Management”

If the group isn't specified at rule creation time, the rule can be added to the rule group using dot notation in Windows PowerShell. You can't specify the group using Set-NetFirewallRule since the command allows querying by rule group.

Windows PowerShell

$rule = Get-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName “Allow Inbound Telnet”$rule.Group = “Telnet Management”$rule | Set-NetFirewallRule

With the help of the Set command, if the rule group name is specified, the group membership isn't modified but rather all rules of the group receive the same modifications indicated by the given parameters.

The following scriptlet enables all rules in a predefined group containing remote management influencing firewall rules.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall firewall set rule group="Windows Defender Firewall remote management" new enable=yes

Windows PowerShell

Set-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup “Windows Defender Firewall Remote Management” –Enabled True

There's also a separate Enable-NetFirewallRule cmdlet for enabling rules by group or by other properties of the rule.

Windows PowerShell

Enable-NetFirewallRule -DisplayGroup “Windows Defender Firewall Remote Management” -Verbose

Delete a firewall rule

Rule objects can be disabled so that they're no longer active. In Windows PowerShell, the Disable-NetFirewallRule cmdlet will leave the rule on the system, but put it in a disabled state so the rule no longer is applied and impacts traffic. A disabled firewall rule can be re-enabled by Enable-NetFirewallRule. This cmdlet is different from the Remove-NetFirewallRule, which permanently removes the rule definition from the device.

The following cmdlet deletes the specified existing firewall rule from the local policy store.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall firewall delete rule name=“Allow Web 80”

Windows PowerShell

Remove-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “Allow Web 80”

Like with other cmdlets, you can also query for rules to be removed. Here, all blocking firewall rules are deleted from the device.

Windows PowerShell

Remove-NetFirewallRule –Action Block

It may be safer to query the rules with the Get command and save it in a variable, observe the rules to be affected, then pipe them to the Remove command, just as we did for the Set commands. The following example shows how you can view all the blocking firewall rules, and then delete the first four rules.

Windows PowerShell

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$x = Get-NetFirewallRule –Action Block$x$x[0-3] | Remove-NetFirewallRule

Manage remotely

Remote management using WinRM is enabled by default. The cmdlets that support the CimSession parameter use WinRM and can be managed remotely by default.

The following example returns all firewall rules of the persistent store on a device named RemoteDevice.

Windows PowerShell

Get-NetFirewallRule –CimSession RemoteDevice

We can perform any modifications or view rules on remote devices by using the –CimSession parameter. Here we remove a specific firewall rule from a remote device.

Windows PowerShell

$RemoteSession = New-CimSession –ComputerName RemoteDeviceRemove-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “AllowWeb80” –CimSession $RemoteSession -Confirm

Deploy basic IPsec rule settings

An Internet Protocol security (IPsec) policy consists of rules that determine IPsec behavior. IPsec supports network-level peer authentication, data origin authentication, data integrity, data confidentiality (encryption), and replay protection.

Windows PowerShell can create powerful, complex IPsec policies like in Netsh and the Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security console. However, because Windows PowerShell is object-based rather than string token-based, configuration in Windows PowerShell offers greater control and flexibility.

In Netsh, the authentication and cryptographic sets were specified as a list of comma-separated tokens in a specific format. In Windows PowerShell, rather than using default settings, you first create your desired authentication or cryptographic proposal objects and bundle them into lists in your preferred order. Then, you create one or more IPsec rules that reference these sets. The benefit of this model is that programmatic access to the information in the rules is much easier. See the following sections for clarifying examples.

Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security Administration with Windows PowerShell (Windows) - Windows security (1)

Create IPsec rules

The following cmdlet creates basic IPsec transport mode rule in a Group Policy Object. An IPsec rule is simple to create; all that is required is the display name, and the remaining properties use default values. Inbound traffic is authenticated and integrity checked using the default quick mode and main mode settings. These default settings can be found in the console under Customize IPsec Defaults.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall set store gpo=domain.contoso.com\gpo_namenetsh advfirewall consec add rule name="Require Inbound Authentication" endpoint1=any endpoint2=any action=requireinrequestout

Windows PowerShell

New-NetIPsecRule -DisplayName “Require Inbound Authentication” -PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\gpo_name

Add custom authentication methods to an IPsec rule

If you want to create a custom set of quick-mode proposals that includes both AH and ESP in an IPsec rule object, you create the associated objects separately and link their associations. For more information about authentication methods, see Choosing the IPsec Protocol .

You can then use the newly created custom quick-mode policies when you create IPsec rules. The cryptography set object is linked to an IPsec rule object.

Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security Administration with Windows PowerShell (Windows) - Windows security (2)

In this example, we build on the previously created IPsec rule by specifying a custom quick-mode crypto set. The final IPsec rule requires outbound traffic to be authenticated by the specified cryptography method.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall set store gpo=domain.contoso.com\gpo_namenetsh advfirewall consec add rule name="Require Outbound Authentication" endpoint1=any endpoint2=any action=requireinrequestout qmsecmethods=ah:sha1+esp:sha1-3des

Windows PowerShell

$AHandESPQM = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoProposal -Encapsulation AH,ESP –AHHash SHA1 -ESPHash SHA1 -Encryption DES3$QMCryptoSet = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet –DisplayName “ah:sha1+esp:sha1-des3” -Proposal $AHandESPQM –PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\gpo_nameNew-NetIPsecRule -DisplayName “Require Inbound Authentication” -InboundSecurity Require -OutboundSecurity Request -QuickModeCryptoSet $QMCryptoSet.Name –PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\gpo_name

IKEv2 IPsec transport rules

A corporate network may need to secure communications with another agency. But, you discover the agency runs non-Windows operating systems and requires the use of the Internet Key Exchange Version2 (IKEv2) standard.

You can apply IKEv2 capabilities in Windows Server 2012 by specifying IKEv2 as the key module in an IPsec rule. This capability specification can only be done using computer certificate authentication and can't be used with phase-2 authentication.

Windows PowerShell

New-NetIPsecRule -DisplayName “Require Inbound Authentication” -InboundSecurity Require -OutboundSecurity Request –Phase1AuthSet MyCertAuthSet -KeyModule IKEv2 –RemoteAddress $nonWindowsGateway

For more info about IKEv2, including scenarios, see Securing End-to-End IPsec Connections by Using IKEv2.

Copy an IPsec rule from one policy to another

Firewall and IPsec rules with the same rule properties can be duplicated to simplify the task of re-creating them within different policy stores.

To copy the previously created rule from one policy store to another, the associated objects must also be copied separately. There's no need to copy associated firewall filters. You can query rules to be copied in the same way as other cmdlets.

Copying individual rules is a task that isn't possible through the Netsh interface. Here's how you can accomplish it with Windows PowerShell.

Windows PowerShell

$Rule = Get-NetIPsecRule –DisplayName “Require Inbound Authentication”$Rule | Copy-NetIPsecRule –NewPolicyStore domain.costoso.com\new_gpo_name$Rule | Copy-NetPhase1AuthSet –NewPolicyStore domain.costoso.com\new_gpo_name

Handling Windows PowerShell errors

To handle errors in your Windows PowerShell scripts, you can use the –ErrorAction parameter. This parameter is especially useful with the Remove cmdlets. If you want to remove a particular rule, you'll notice that it fails if the rule isn't found. When rules are being removed, if the rule isn’t already there, it's acceptable to ignore that error. In this case, you can do the following to suppress any “rule not found” errors during the remove operation.

Windows PowerShell

Remove-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “Contoso Messenger 98” –ErrorAction SilentlyContinue

The use of wildcards can also suppress errors, but they could potentially match rules that you didn't intend to remove. These wildcards can be a useful shortcut, but should only be used if you know there aren’t any extra rules that will be accidentally deleted. So the following cmdlet will also remove the rule, suppressing any “not found” errors.

Windows PowerShell

Remove-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “Contoso Messenger 98*”

When using wildcards, if you want to double-check the set of rules that is matched, you can use the –WhatIf parameter.

Windows PowerShell

Remove-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “Contoso Messenger 98*” –WhatIf

If you only want to delete some of the matched rules, you can use the –Confirm parameter to get a rule-by-rule confirmation prompt.

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Windows PowerShell

Remove-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “Contoso Messenger 98*” –Confirm

You can also just perform the whole operation, displaying the name of each rule as the operation is performed.

Windows PowerShell

Remove-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “Contoso Messenger 98*” –Verbose

Monitor

The following Windows PowerShell commands are useful in the update cycle of a deployment phase.

To allow you to view all the IPsec rules in a particular store, you can use the following commands. In Netsh, this command doesn't show rules where profile=domain,public or profile=domain,private. It only shows rules that have the single entry domain that is included in the rule. The following command examples will show the IPsec rules in all profiles.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall consec show rule name=all

Windows PowerShell

Show-NetIPsecRule –PolicyStore ActiveStore

You can monitor main mode security associations for information such as which peers are currently connected to the device and which protection suite is used to form the security associations.

Use the following cmdlet to view existing main mode rules and their security associations:

Netsh

netsh advfirewall monitor show mmsa all

Windows PowerShell

Get-NetIPsecMainModeSA

Find the source GPO of a rule

To view the properties of a particular rule or group of rules, you query for the rule. When a query returns fields that are specified as NotConfigured, you can determine which policy store a rule originates from.

For objects that come from a GPO (the –PolicyStoreSourceType parameter is specified as GroupPolicy in the Show command), if –TracePolicyStore is passed, the name of the GPO is found and returned in the PolicyStoreSource field.

Windows PowerShell

Get-NetIPsecRule –DisplayName “Require Inbound Authentication” –TracePolicyStore

It's important to note that the revealed sources don't contain a domain name.

Deploy a basic domain isolation policy

IPsec can be used to isolate domain members from non-domain members. Domain isolation uses IPsec authentication to require that the domain-joined devices positively establish the identities of the communicating devices to improve security of an organization. One or more features of IPsec can be used to secure traffic with an IPsec rule object.

To implement domain isolation on your network, the devices in the domain receive IPsec rules that block unsolicited inbound network traffic that isn't protected by IPsec. Here we create an IPsec rule that requires authentication by domain members. Through this authentication, you can isolate domain-joined devices from devices that aren't joined to a domain. In the following examples, Kerberos authentication is required for inbound traffic and requested for outbound traffic.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall set store gpo=domain.contoso.com\domain_isolationnetsh advfirewall consec add rule name=“Basic Domain Isolation Policy” profile=domain endpoint1=”any” endpoint2=”any” action=requireinrequestout auth1=”computerkerb”

Windows PowerShell

$kerbprop = New-NetIPsecAuthProposal –Machine –Kerberos$Phase1AuthSet = New-NetIPsecPhase1AuthSet -DisplayName "Kerberos Auth Phase1" -Proposal $kerbprop –PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\domain_isolationNew-NetIPsecRule –DisplayName “Basic Domain Isolation Policy” –Profile Domain –Phase1AuthSet $Phase1AuthSet.Name –InboundSecurity Require –OutboundSecurity Request –PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\domain_isolation

Configure IPsec tunnel mode

The following command creates an IPsec tunnel that routes traffic from a private network (192.168.0.0/16) through an interface on the local device (1.1.1.1) attached to a public network to a second device through its public interface (2.2.2.2) to another private network (192.157.0.0/16). All traffic through the tunnel is checked for integrity by using ESP/SHA1, and it's encrypted by using ESP/DES3.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall consec add rule name="Tunnel from 192.168.0.0/16 to 192.157.0.0/16" mode=tunnel endpoint1=192.168.0.0/16 endpoint2=192.157.0.0/16 localtunnelendpoint=1.1.1.1 remotetunnelendpoint=2.2.2.2 action=requireinrequireout qmsecmethods=esp:sha1-3des

Windows PowerShell

$QMProposal = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoProposal -Encapsulation ESP -ESPHash SHA1 -Encryption DES3$QMCryptoSet = New-NetIPsecQuickModeCryptoSet –DisplayName “esp:sha1-des3” -Proposal $QMProposalNew-NetIPSecRule -DisplayName “Tunnel from HQ to Dallas Branch” -Mode Tunnel -LocalAddress 192.168.0.0/16 -RemoteAddress 192.157.0.0/16 -LocalTunnelEndpoint 1.1.1.1 -RemoteTunnelEndpoint2.2.2.2 -InboundSecurity Require -OutboundSecurity Require -QuickModeCryptoSet $QMCryptoSet.Name

Deploy secure firewall rules with IPsec

In situations where only secure traffic can be allowed through the Windows Defender Firewall, a combination of manually configured firewall and IPsec rules are necessary. The firewall rules determine the level of security for allowed packets, and the underlying IPsec rules secure the traffic. The scenarios can be accomplished in Windows PowerShell and in Netsh, with many similarities in deployment.

Create a secure firewall rule (allow if secure)

Configuring firewalls rule to allow connections if they're secure requires the corresponding traffic to be authenticated and integrity protected, and then optionally encrypted by IPsec.

The following example creates a firewall rule that requires traffic to be authenticated. The command permits inbound Telnet network traffic only if the connection from the remote device is authenticated by using a separate IPsec rule.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="Allow Authenticated Telnet" dir=in program=%SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe security=authenticate action=allow

Windows PowerShell

New-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName “Allow Authenticated Telnet” -Direction Inbound -Program %SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe -Authentication Required -Action Allow

The following command creates an IPsec rule that requires a first (computer) authentication and then attempts an optional second (user) authentication. Creating this rule secures and allows the traffic through the firewall rule requirements for the messenger program.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall consec add rule name="Authenticate Both Computer and User" endpoint1=any endpoint2=any action=requireinrequireout auth1=computerkerb,computerntlm auth2=userkerb,userntlm,anonymous

Windows PowerShell

$mkerbauthprop = New-NetIPsecAuthProposal -Machine –Kerberos$mntlmauthprop = New-NetIPsecAuthProposal -Machine -NTLM$P1Auth = New-NetIPsecPhase1AuthSet -DisplayName “Machine Auth” –Proposal $mkerbauthprop,$mntlmauthprop$ukerbauthprop = New-NetIPsecAuthProposal -User -Kerberos$unentlmauthprop = New-NetIPsecAuthProposal -User -NTLM$anonyauthprop = New-NetIPsecAuthProposal -Anonymous$P2Auth = New-NetIPsecPhase2AuthSet -DisplayName “User Auth” -Proposal $ukerbauthprop,$unentlmauthprop,$anonyauthpropNew-NetIPSecRule -DisplayName “Authenticate Both Computer and User” -InboundSecurity Require -OutboundSecurity Require -Phase1AuthSet $P1Auth.Name –Phase2AuthSet $P2Auth.Name

Isolate a server by requiring encryption and group membership

To improve the security of the devices in an organization, you can deploy domain isolation in which domain-members are restricted. They require authentication when communicating among each other and reject non-authenticated inbound connections. To improve the security of servers with sensitive data, this data must be protected by allowing access only to a subset of devices within the enterprise domain.

IPsec can provide this extra layer of protection by isolating the server. In server isolation, sensitive data access is restricted to users and devices with legitimate business need, and the data is additionally encrypted to prevent eavesdropping.

Create a firewall rule that requires group membership and encryption

To deploy server isolation, we layer a firewall rule that restricts traffic to authorized users or devices on the IPsec rule that enforces authentication.

(Video) 5. How to Exclusively Apply Group Policy Firewall Rules | Windows Server 2019

The following firewall rule allows Telnet traffic from user accounts that are members of a custom group called “Authorized to Access Server.” This access can additionally be restricted based on the device, user, or both by specifying the restriction parameters.

A Security Descriptor Definition Language (SDDL) string is created by extending a user or group’s security identifier (SID). For more information about finding a group’s SID, see: Finding the SID for a group account.

Restricting access to a group allows administrations to extend strong authentication support through Windows Defender Firewall and/or IPsec policies.

The following example shows you how to create an SDDL string that represents security groups.

Windows PowerShell

$user = new-object System.Security.Principal.NTAccount (“corp.contoso.com\Administrators”)$SIDofSecureUserGroup = $user.Translate([System.Security.Principal.SecurityIdentifier]).Value$secureUserGroup = "D:(A;;CC;;;$SIDofSecureUserGroup)"

By using the previous scriptlet, you can also get the SDDL string for a secure computer group as shown here:

Windows PowerShell

$secureMachineGroup = "D:(A;;CC;;;$SIDofSecureMachineGroup)"

For more information about how to create security groups or how to determine the SDDL string, see Working with SIDs.

Telnet is an application that doesn't provide encryption. This application can send data, such as names and passwords, over the network. This data can be intercepted by malicious users. If an administrator would like to allow the use of Telnet, but protect the traffic, a firewall rule that requires IPsec encryption can be created. This firewall rule is necessary so that the administrator can be certain that when this application is used, all of the traffic sent or received by this port is encrypted. If IPsec fails to authorize the connection, no traffic is allowed from this application.

In this example, we allow only authenticated and encrypted inbound Telnet traffic from a specified secure user group through the creation of the following firewall rule.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall set store gpo=domain.contoso.com\Server_Isolationnetsh advfirewall firewall add rule name=“Allow Encrypted Inbound Telnet to Group Members Only” program=%SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe protocol=TCP dir=in action=allow localport=23 security=authenc rmtusrgrp ="D:(A;;CC;;; S-1-5-21-2329867823-2610410949-1491576313-1735)"

Windows PowerShell

New-NetFirewallRule -DisplayName "Allow Encrypted Inbound Telnet to Group Members Only" -Program %SystemRoot%\System32\tlntsvr.exe -Protocol TCP -Direction Inbound -Action Allow -LocalPort23 -Authentication Required -Encryption Required –RemoteUser $secureUserGroup –PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\Server_Isolation

Endpoint security enforcement

The previous example showed end to end security for a particular application. In situations where endpoint security is required for many applications, having a firewall rule per application can be cumbersome and difficult to manage. Authorization can override the per-rule basis and be done at the IPsec layer.

In this example, we set the global IPsec setting to only allow transport mode traffic to come from an authorized user group with the following cmdlet. Consult the previous examples for working with security groups.

Windows PowerShell

Set-NetFirewallSetting -RemoteMachineTransportAuthorizationList $secureMachineGroup

Create firewall rules that allow IPsec-protected network traffic (authenticated bypass)

Authenticated bypass allows traffic from a specified trusted device or user to override firewall block rules. This override is helpful when an administrator wants to use scanning servers to monitor and update devices without the need to use port-level exceptions. For more information, see How to enable authenticated firewall bypass.

In this example, we assume that a blocking firewall rule exists. This example permits any network traffic on any port from any IP address to override the block rule, if the traffic is authenticated as originating from a device or user account that is a member of the specified device or user security group.

Netsh

netsh advfirewall set store gpo=domain.contoso.com\domain_isolationnetsh advfirewall firewall add rule name="Inbound Secure Bypass Rule" dir=in security=authenticate action="bypass" rmtcomputergrp="D:(A;;CC;;;S-1-5-21-2329867823-2610410949-1491576313-1114)" rmtusrgrp="D:(A;;CC;;; S-1-5-21-2329867823-2610410949-1491576313-1735)"

Windows PowerShell

New-NetFirewallRule –DisplayName “Inbound Secure Bypass Rule" –Direction Inbound –Authentication Required –OverrideBlockRules $true -RemoteMachine $secureMachineGroup –RemoteUser $secureUserGroup –PolicyStore domain.contoso.com\domain_isolation

Other resources

For more information about Windows PowerShell concepts, see the following topics.

FAQs

What is Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced security? ›

Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security provides host-based, two-way network traffic filtering and blocks unauthorized network traffic flowing into or out of the local device. Configuring your Windows Firewall based on the following best practices can help you optimize protection for devices in your network.

How important Windows Firewall with Advanced security is? ›

Windows Defender Firewall with Advanced Security is an important part of a layered security model. By providing host-based, two-way network traffic filtering for a device, Windows Defender Firewall blocks unauthorized network traffic flowing into or out of the local device.

How do I disable Windows Advanced security firewall? ›

Turn Microsoft Defender Firewall on or off
  1. Select Start , then open Settings . ...
  2. Select a network profile: Domain network, Private network, or Public network.
  3. Under Microsoft Defender Firewall, switch the setting to On. ...
  4. To turn it off, switch the setting to Off.

Does Windows Defender have a firewall? ›

You can turn Microsoft Defender Firewall on or off and access advanced Microsoft Defender Firewall options for the following network types: Domain (workplace) networks. Private (discoverable) networks.

Is Windows Defender Firewall good enough? ›

While it used to be terrible, over the past few years, Microsoft has really turned it around and Defender is now one of the best antivirus software solutions, free or paid, at detecting, blocking and neutralizing malware.

Is Windows Defender Firewall the same as Windows Defender antivirus? ›

Windows Defender Firewall works to protect the operating system and user data on the computer from improper or unapproved access, use, and possible infection. Sometimes called Windows Defender for short, it should not be confused with the former Microsoft Defender Antivirus software as the two are not related.

What is the difference between Windows Firewall and Windows Firewall with Advance Security? ›

What is the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security? Put simply, Windows Firewall with Advanced Security is a management snap-in for the Windows Firewall from which you can control in a very detailed way, all the rules and exceptions that govern how the Windows Firewall works.

Do firewalls prevent hackers? ›

Firewalls can come in the form of physical hardware or software running on workstations or servers. Both forms of firewalls act as a filtration system, blocking malicious traffic such as viruses, malware and hackers.

Is Windows Firewall free? ›

Windows Firewall is free-There is no need to pay for that.

What happens if I turn off firewall? ›

Disabling a firewall permits all data packets to entering and exiting the network unrestricted. This includes not just expected traffic, but also malicious data -- thereby putting the network at risk.

How do I permanently disable Windows Defender Firewall Windows 10? ›

To disable Microsoft Defender Antivirus permanently on Windows 10, use these steps:
  1. Open Start.
  2. Search for gpedit. ...
  3. Browse the following path: Computer Configuration > Administrative Templates > Windows Components > Microsoft Defender Antivirus.
  4. Double-click the "Turn off Microsoft Defender Antivirus" policy.
12 Sept 2022

How can I tell if my firewall is blocking the Internet? ›

Check for Blocked Port using the Command Prompt
  1. Type cmd in the search bar.
  2. Right-click on the Command Prompt and select Run as Administrator.
  3. In the command prompt, type the following command and hit enter. netsh firewall show state.
  4. This will display all the blocked and active port configured in the firewall.
14 Mar 2022

Do you need antivirus software if you have Windows Defender? ›

Windows Defender scans a user's email, internet browser, cloud, and apps for the above cyberthreats. However, Windows Defender lacks endpoint protection and response, as well as automated investigation and remediation, so more antivirus software is necessary.

Is Windows Firewall and Windows Defender Firewall same? ›

Windows Firewall (officially called Windows Defender Firewall in Windows 10), is a firewall component of Microsoft Windows. It was first included in Windows XP and Windows Server 2003.

Do you pay for Windows Defender? ›

Microsoft Defender for Individuals is only available as part of a paid subscription to the Microsoft 365 cloud-based office service and strictly protects non-Windows devices. For Mac and Android (but not iOS), you can pay a small subscription fee to use Microsoft's antivirus software.

Is Windows Defender as good as McAfee? ›

Bottom Line: McAfee provides an excellent anti-malware engine with lots of internet security extras that Windows Defender doesn't have. The Smart Firewall, Wi-Fi scanner, VPN, and anti-phishing protections are all significantly better than Microsoft's built-in tools.

Is Windows Defender Any good 2022? ›

One of the most recent Real-World Protection reports is from February 2022, which used 362 test malware cases. Windows Defender scored 98.9% and didn't present any false positives (identifying verified software as malware incorrectly).

Is Microsoft Defender as good as Norton? ›

Microsoft Defender vs Norton conclusion

Norton 360 takes the top spot as the better antivirus option against Microsoft Defender. While Microsoft Defender provides a great real-time malware detection rate, it doesn't match up to the Norton 360, which detected and blocked every threat thrown its way.

What is the difference between Microsoft Defender and Windows security? ›

Windows Security is built-in to Windows and includes an antivirus program called Microsoft Defender Antivirus. (In early versions of Windows 10, Windows Security is called Windows Defender Security Center).

What is difference between firewall and antivirus? ›

For one, a firewall is a hardware and software-based security system designed to protect and monitor both a private internet network and a computer system. While antivirus is a software program that detects and eliminates any threats that will destroy a computer system.

Is Windows Defender Security Center legitimate? ›

Is Windows Defender security warning real? No, it is not real. It is a fake warning designed to scare you into performing steps that could get your computer infected, or make you share sensitive personal information that could later be used in financial fraud or identity theft.

What is Windows Defender Firewall has blocked some features of this app? ›

Typically, the 'Windows Defender Firewall has blocked some features of this app' appears when Windows is connected to a public network and seeks approval for incoming connections. However, if you've marked your home or office Wi-Fi as a public network, you may repeatedly see this error.

How do I configure Windows Firewall with Advanced Security? ›

Right-click Windows Firewall with Advanced Security at the top of the left pane in the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security snap-in and then choose Properties. Select the tab that corresponds to the profile you want to configure and then click the Customize command button in the Settings section.

What do you mean by Windows Firewall? ›

The Windows Firewall is used to protect your Windows system from network-based threats. You can control who has access to your system and what access is granted. The Windows Firewall applet allows you to configure these firewall settings.

How do I open advanced firewall? ›

To open Windows Firewall with Advanced Security by using the Windows interface. Click the Start charm, right-click the Start page, click All Apps, and then click the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security tile.

How do I stop Windows Defender blocking everything? ›

1 Answer
  1. Launch Windows Defender Security Center from your Start menu, desktop, or taskbar.
  2. Click the App and browser control button on the left side of the window.
  3. Click Off in the Check apps and files section.
  4. Click Off in the SmartScreen for Microsoft Edge section.
24 May 2021

How do you bypass your system administrator has blocked this program? ›

Step 1: Right-click on the file and select Properties. Step 2: In the General tab, check "Unblock" under "Security". Step 3: Click Apply and then Ok.

Why am I getting Windows Security alert? ›

"Windows Security Alert" is a fake error message displayed by a malicious website. Users often visit this website inadvertently - they are redirected by potentially unwanted adware-type programs (PUPs). These apps usually infiltrate systems without consent.

What is the difference between Windows Firewall and Windows Firewall with Advance security? ›

What is the Windows Firewall with Advanced Security? Put simply, Windows Firewall with Advanced Security is a management snap-in for the Windows Firewall from which you can control in a very detailed way, all the rules and exceptions that govern how the Windows Firewall works.

What are the recommended settings for Windows Firewall? ›

List of Firewall Best Practices:
  • Centrally Manage The Firewall with Group Policy.
  • Create a Baseline Firewall Policy.
  • Create Separate GPOs for Specific Rules.
  • Leave Default Inbound & Outbound Rules.
  • Enable All Firewall Profiles.
  • Disable Rule Merging.
  • Enable Logs.
  • Limit the Scope of Firewall Rules.
25 Jan 2022

How enable Windows Firewall Powershell? ›

In Powershell, you can easily enable or disable Windows Firewall using the Set-NetFirewallProfile command. This cmdlet is used to configure the Firewall's advanced security settings for a particular, or all, network profile.

Do firewalls prevent hackers? ›

Firewalls can come in the form of physical hardware or software running on workstations or servers. Both forms of firewalls act as a filtration system, blocking malicious traffic such as viruses, malware and hackers.

What is advanced firewall? ›

The advanced firewall tool can be used to create special firewall rules. For instance, you can use this tool to allow connections to webconfig from the Internet – but only from a particular IP address.

What is the command to open Windows Defender Firewall? ›

To open Windows Defender Firewall from a command prompt
  1. Open a command prompt window.
  2. At the command prompt, type: syntax Copy. wf.msc.
13 Oct 2022

How do I harden Windows Firewall? ›

How to optimize Windows Firewall security
  1. Build rules to binaries or executables. ...
  2. Identify blocked applications. ...
  3. Set up security monitoring. ...
  4. Block PowerShell from internet access. ...
  5. Set firewall rules with PowerShell. ...
  6. Review new Windows 10 security baselines. ...
  7. Audit settings regularly.
23 Jun 2020

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(Pluralsight IT - Training Archive)
2. Is Windows Defender Good Enough?
(Techquickie)
3. 10982 Demo 12 Configuring Windows Defender Firewall
(Bryan OConnor)
4. How To Disable & Delete Rules In Windows 10 Defender Firewall Tutorial
(ComputerSluggish Tutorials)
5. How To: Bypass Windows Defender and other Antiviruses
(Hackers Academy)
6. Windows Defense Evasion Techniques | Red Team Series 7-13
(Linode)
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